Keeping America Free

Written by Christianity and the Confusion on July 7th, 2011

Author: Frank Bennett

Long before the Berlin Wall fell and the USSR crumbled, FDR defeated
both fascism and Communism in America.  This was the first step to their
destruction worldwide.  For 12 years of Republican rule Fascism (which
is the merger of state and corporate power) devastated the American
economy, which brought on the Republican Great Depression.  As many fell
victim to the results of Republican economics, they turn to the
Communist/Socialist party. 

FDR was the greatest President because he was a truly Constitutional
President.  He also did something that Republicans wouldn't or
couldn't do, he beat both the fascists and the communists. 
Roosevelt came into office with Fascists on one side and Communists on
the other.   The fight wasn't just oversea, rather it
was a fight right here at home.

Three
Republican presidents occupied the White House during
the 1920s. Warren Harding, a conservative, was swept into office by a
landslide victory in 1920. He proved an inept president, and his
administration was racked by scandals, including that of Teapot Dome.
Calvin Coolidge, who succeeded to the office on Harding's death (1923),
worshiped business as much as he detested government. Herbert Hoover,
an engineer, brought to the presidency (1929-33) a deep faith in the
essential soundness of capitalism, which to him represented the fullest
expression of individualism. Link

The Secretary of the
Treasury for these three Republicans was Andrew Mellon, who cut the top
income tax rate from 77 to 24 %, with the goal of lowering it to
10%. 
The Republicans embraced a laissez-faire policy in the economy during
the
1920s. In Harding's “hands off” policy, the government did not intervene
with
people's businesses and helped them profit. Anti-trust laws were
avoided, and
the United States was in debt from the first Great War. The Secretary of
Treasury, Mellon, tremendously reduced taxes, which would have caused an
economic crisis much sooner if it had not been for the enforced a large
tariff that was meant to encourage Americans to buy domestic products
instead of buying imported goods from foreign nations.  Those
tariffs
helped to feed the treasury, that is until Americans stopped buying and
they stopped buying when the money ran out.  The Republican
plan was a
ticking time bomb.

Many of the economic procedures of
Mellon within a decade lead to a dangerous condition especially in
the stock market. The nation's total income rose from $74.3 billion in
1923 to
$89 billion in 1929. However, this was not shared evenly among all
Americans. In 1929, the top 0.1
percentages of Americans had a combined income equal to the bottom 42%.
That
same top 0.1 percentages of Americans in 1929 controlled 34% of all
savings,
while 80% of Americans had no savings at all.

This
flirtation
with fascism which Benito Mussolini defined as: “Fascism should more
appropriately be
called Corporatism because it is a merger of state and corporate power”
that Corporatism or fascism created a great disparity between the top
few and the rest of
Americans, in today's lingo, the Haves had it all while the Have-Nots
had nothing.  This set the stage for the rise of Communism in
America.

The Socialist Party in America was
born and grew dramatically between 1900 and 1912. Under the charismatic
leadership of Eugene V. Debs in 1912, 160 councilmen, 145 aldermen,
one congressman, and 56 mayors, including Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
Berkeley, California, and Schenectady, New York, were elected as
Socialists. At the time, Socialists published 300 newspapers, including
the Appeal of Reason, which was a Kansas-based publication with
700,000 subscribers. Membership in the Socialist Party totaled
125,000.  Link

Scores
of Americans were interested in communism between the 1920s and 1930s.
This was due in part to the Soviet Union funding attempts to woo the
citizens of the United States over to their way of thinking. In
addition, many artists, and likewise a portion of average Americans,
joined the Communist Party because of the ideals that it touted,
including wealth-sharing and support for the working man. During World
War II, when anti-fascism led many to dabble in
communism.

Communism was alluring in the days when
workers had little rights. The Communist Party gave workers a voice to
address the injustices of the oppressive working conditions that they
faced at factories and elsewhere.  The average American could
fight back against the 12 years of Corporatism that had placed them in
the Great Depression.  They organized workers, creating unions
to combat the dangerous working conditions of the 1930s, especially meat
packers. In addition, they organized schools, fraternities, language
centers and libraries to support the communities of the workers, and, in
doing so, attracted a number of people who would never have considered
membership.  In addition to giving support to the working
class, they also attempted to garner support by getting involved in
civil rights, particularly focusing on African Americans. If the plight
of the average worker was difficult in this era, it was nothing compared
to the brutal treatment faced by African Americans. The Communist Party
was active in the early civil rights
movement.

The aim of the Communist
Party wasn't to support America's workers, nor to help African
Americans gain rights. Since the early days, when Communist journalist
John Reed was given $2 million to infiltrate America and gain a
foothold, the Communist Party's aims were decidedly anti-American. They
chose civil rights and worker support because that gained them support
in large urban areas and furthered their attempts at espionage. The
goal wasn't to support Americans, but to overthrow the capitalist
giant. Link

Fascism
had failed America and now FDR was faced with a dilemma, how to pry the
false hope of Communism from those suffering from the Republican Great
Depression.  So, Franklin Roosevelt set out to restore and even
create a middle class in a land that kept the Constitutional promise of
equality.

What he came up with –
largely by pragmatic, trial-and-error work – was a synthesis of
controls on previously-uncontrolled capitalism which, quite
literally, saved American capitalism from itself. The Wagner Act of
1935, mandating unions when 51 percent of workers voted for them. The
Social Security Act. Minimum wage and maximum hour laws. Child labor
laws. The government as employer of last resort through the WPA,
CCC, etc.

Republicans are fond of arguing that
World War II ended the Republican Great Depression, not FDR's
policies, but in that argument they ignore a central economic
reality: When money is invested in infrastructure like roads, bridges,
dams, hospitals, and schools (as FDR did), that infrastructure
produces a return on that investment for generations to come. When
the same number of dollars are put into bombs and then dropped on
Dresden or Tokyo, those dollars vanish along with the bombs, never to
be recovered.

While gearing up for the war did
stimulate and alter the American economy, it's much easier to argue
that WWII actually slowed our recovery from the
Republican Great Depression, because it forced FDR to shift so many
resources from infrastructure and into disposable instruments of
warfare.  Link

As a result of FDR's providing for the domestic tranquility and
common defense, he offered real hope to the American people which
destroyed the false allure of Communism.  By defeating
Communism at home, FDR set the stage for the final fall of
Communism.  Today, we can end the vestiges of Communism and
Fascism by promoting a strong and growing middle class.  When
faced with the irrationality of the Far-Right lets remind them of the
Liberal words found at the beginning of the
Constitution.

We the People of the
United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union,
establish Justice, insure domestic
Tranquility, provide for the common defence,
promote the general Welfare, and secure the
Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and
establish this Constitution for the
United States of America.

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I also recommend the books:
America: Who Pays the Taxes
America:
What Went Wrong?

America:
Who Stole The Dream?

A People's History Of The United States
A
People's History of American Empire

Facing Up
There are valuable bits of information in each one of these books.

 

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